Mayanam means cremation ground. Lord Siva is told to be in Mayanams generally. Cremation is the process of coming down human remains to basic elements in the form of bone fragments through flame, heat, and evaporation. Contrary to popular belief, the cremated remains are not ashes in the usual sense, but rather dried bone fragments that have been pulverized in a device called an electric cremated remains processor.
Cremation may serve as a funeral or post funeral rite that is an alternative to the burial of an intact body in a casket. Cremated remains, which are not a health risk, may be buried or immured in memorial sites or cemeteries, or they may be legally retained by relatives or dispersed in a variety of ways and locations.
The most of the Indian religions, such as Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism, mandate open-air cremation. In these religions, the body is seen as an instrument to carry the soul. Hence, the dead body is not considered sacred, since the soul has left the body and the cremation is regarded as ethical by the Eastern religions. They also scatter the ashes in holy rivers. According to Hindu traditions, the reasons for preferring to destroy the corpse by fire over burying it into ground is to induce a feeling of detachment into the freshly disembodied spirit, which will be helpful to encourage it into passing to "the other world". Cremation is referred to as antim-samskara, literally meaning "the last rites." At the time of the cremation or "last rites," a "Puja" (ritual worship) is performed.